Archive for the ‘Personalized Learning’ Category

A Wholehearted Approach to Learning

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A few years ago, my fellow members of the Vision Coalition and I began reaching out to Delawareans. We wanted to hear what they thought a well-educated young person would need to know and be able to do in the year 2025.

What we heard from more than 4,000 people was not surprising. People told us that better academics and improved test scores are important—being able to read and understand math would still be foundational. But they wanted more than that. What people really wanted was a richer educational experience for their children, one that instilled skills like communication, collaboration, critical thinking, empathy, and creativity. They wanted young people to be healthy, to be able to respond to a rapidly changing world, and to have an educational experience that was not cookie-cutter, but one that maximized who they are as individuals.

That broad set of skills ultimately became the North Star, the guiding centerpiece to Student Success 2025. The North Star became our goal for the next 10 years, and we began mapping backwards from it to discern the policy changes needed to reach that goal. For example, if we wanted to maximize the potential of every child, that meant we needed a funding system that addressed each student’s educational assets. It meant we needed to train our teachers differently.

This concept of developing the “whole child”—a phrase that’s often cross-referenced with “social emotional learning”—is not a new one. Generations of practitioners have told us that the so-called soft skills mentioned above, along with physical and mental health, nutrition, and exposure to the arts, are all important ingredients in child development. In fact, we’re seeing a rare convergence among leaders in education and business that this broader set of skills, which educators see as essential, are often the same ones that employers say they can’t find in prospective employees.

As personalized learning continues to gain traction throughout Delaware and the nation, we’ll be hearing much more about the “whole child” and social emotional learning. These terms are all intertwined through shared goal of meeting young people where they are. In the coming months, we’ll be working to ground these ideas in real examples in Delaware and nationally. Some of these examples will include new approaches in the classroom and others will help shine a light on assets in the community to educate our young people through a range of approaches, from after-school educational opportunities to on-the-job training.

There are already efforts underway in Delaware that are leading the charge in this emerging field.

But to be clear, when it comes to this topic, we have as many questions as we do answers. For example, how does one measure empathy or creativity? Aren’t some of the most important things in our lives difficult or impossible to measure? And if we can’t measure it, can we teach it?

There are fledgling efforts underway to address these and many other questions, and we hope to bring some of that early research to you as well.

This is a learning curve for all of us. We at Rodel are firm believers in excellence and equity for each of Delaware’s students—and we believe that nurturing them holistically is the basis for not only helping our young people be successful in school, but become good citizens and happy and healthy adults. I invite you to help us push our thinking and to learn along with us.

The Importance of Employability Skills

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Blog post by Jermaine Williams, cooperative employment coordinator at St. Georges Technical High School and Rodel Teacher Council member

As the cooperative employment coordinator at St. Georges Technical High School, my job, in conjunction with our career and technical instructors, is to usher our senior students out into the working world as employed adults.

It’s a tough job, especially considering that we have 254 seniors spread across 15 different career programs, which span from construction to automotive to business to early childhood to food service and nursing. We connect with local employers throughout Delaware to get our seniors placed in co-op jobs—real, in-the-field job experiences in their industry of interest.

The good news? Our students have the chops. St. Georges does an amazing job of arming our students with the technical skills needed for the jobs of today.

But what about the so-called “soft skills?” Often times, those special skills that bosses love but teenagers often lack—like communication, initiative, punctuality, attendance, attitude—can be a challenge.

Employability skills are a huge priority in our school. They can be the difference between gaining and maintaining a job; from simply getting a foot in the door to advancing through a career. And they translate to virtually every facet of professional life.

That’s why each marking period, I send out a rubric to our co-op employers. They are tasked with grading our students on a slate of 10 employability skills, which gets incorporated into their overall career program grade. For some students, this is a breeze. Others need a gentle push. That’s where the employer feedback helps.

I have noticed that a lot of students struggle with the concept of “initiative.” It’s tough convincing a 17-year-old that simply completing a task at the workplace shouldn’t be the end of your contribution. I try to encourage seniors to avoid complacency during their co-op and work 1-on-1 with them to seek out other ways to help and improve. I’m also developing an online module for Schoology that will allow students to improve their skills at home through videos, PowerPoints, readings, and quizzes.

At schools in the New Castle County Vo-Tech District, these employability skills are woven into our career programs. I firmly believe this is key in preparing our students to be career and college ready.

I’m also encouraged that these skills—often found under the umbrella of “social emotional skills”—are gaining more attention and traction throughout the educational ecosystem. Even the North Star, the centerpiece vision found in Student Success 2025, includes attributes like persistence, critical thinking, and problem-solving. These are exactly the types of skills that all students should have in spades by the time they graduate from high school, whether they are in a career and technical program or not.

I know this because our co-op employers tell me directly. They love our students because our students are ready to thrive in the workplace environment and jump in as valued colleagues. More often than not, it’s the soft skills that provide a firm footing in a given career.

How the “Whole Child” Approach is Transforming Education in Delaware

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As concerns about over-testing and overemphasizing test scores persist, the “whole child” approach to education is gaining ground. The non-academic attributes that prepare young people for success in the real world—think character, grit, and growth mindset—are beginning to take a more prominent place in the education reform conversation. A new focus on the whole child could be transformative to K-12 education.

Here are some of the main ideas behind the whole child approach and its connection to social and emotional learning. Then we’ll get you up to speed with what’s already taking place in Delaware.

 

Social and Emotional Learning 101

Experts agree that student success depends on more than grades. The whole child approach takes into account environmental factors in the classroom and at home, where children develop their social and emotional skills. But what exactly is social and emotional learning?

According to the Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL), social and emotional learning is defined as the process through which students acquire and effectively apply the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to understand and manage emotions, set and achieve positive goals, feel and show empathy for others, establish and maintain positive relationships, and make responsible decisions. In other words, it’s how students develop the skills and dispositions to be successful in school, work, and life.

CASEL. (2017). Social and Emotional Learning Diagram

 

Social and emotional skills are more influenced by environmental factors than we thought. Factors such as poverty, education level, food security, discrimination, and housing play a big role in the process through which students deal with stress, how they communicate, and social awareness. For example, students who face consistent turmoil in their home lives may have more difficulty focusing on schoolwork or building relationships with their peers. That in turn can influence how a student performs in school—both behaviorally and academically. There are evidence-based approaches to supporting students and helping them develop coping skills and other strategies for managing the stress and overcoming these obstacles.

 

Focusing on social and emotional learning pays off—for students and teachers. According to a meta-analysis of more than 200 studies involving more than 270,000 students, not only did students participating in evidence-based SEL programs show an 11 percent gain in academic achievement, but they also showed:

  • Improved classroom behavior
  • Better stress management
  • Higher self esteem
  • Improved attitude about others and school

 

Social emotional learning is already transforming K-12 education in Delaware

From policy recommendations and conferences to local research and school-level programs, Delaware is already taking the lead when it comes to implementing social and emotional learning as a whole child approach.

 

Student Success 2025

Social and emotional Learning is embedded in each of the six core areas of Student Success 2025. Student Success 2025 put forth more than 40 recommendations that take a whole child approach to education—including counseling supports for students, an equitable funding system that takes into account student characteristics and needs, wrap-around services, home visiting for early learners, and a more holistic approach to physical and mental health services.

Western Sussex Summit

With a focus on meeting the social and emotional needs of all students, the annual Western Sussex Summit is a collaborative professional development conference hosted at Woodbridge High School and attended by educators and specialists, as well as mental health organizations and state agencies. Check out their website for post-summit materials and additional social and emotional resources.

Compassionate Schools Learning Collaborative

With support from a Casey Family Programs grant, over 1,500 educators in Delaware have received training on trauma and its impact on brain development, learning, and behavior. The Compassionate Schools Learning Collaborative meets quarterly to share effective trauma-responsive practices, including self-care strategies for educators from multiple schools across the state. Check out their page on the Delaware Department of Education website to access additional resources.

Delaware Positive Behavior Support Project (PBS)

PBS is coordinated, data-based decision making and instructional programming that focuses on teaching adaptive behaviors and discouraging disruptive behaviors. Currently, 147 public schools across the state are implementing PBS, with substantial implementation support and technical assistance from UD’s Center for Disabilities Studies.

Delaware “Whole Child” Surveys

There are a number of surveys in Delaware that measure various aspects of students’ physical, mental health, as well as the school climate, which also have effects on student’s social and emotional wellbeing.

 

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