Student Enrollment

Student Achievement

College & Career Readiness

Teacher & Leader Quality

School Finance

Early Learning

Social & Emotional Learning

2017-2018 Delaware Public Education - At A Glance

The research for 2017-18 includes statistics on student enrollment, student achievement, college and career readiness, teacher and leader quality, school finances, early learning programs as well as the impact of social and emotional learning.

We encourage you to share the statistics and join the conversation about the current state of public education in Delaware.

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Delaware Public School Students (2016-17)

There are nearly 137,000 students enrolled in Delaware public schools.

Table of Student Characteristics Number and Percentage of Race, Gender and Other Characteristics

* Other minority includes Asian, Hawaiian, American Indian, and multi-racial.

Note: The low-income measure is used for many different purposes and the state methodology changed in 2013-14 for allocation of funds, reporting, and accountability purposes. Currently, low-income status is determined by student participation in the Department of Health and Social Services assistance programs such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. Percentages may not total 100 due to rounding.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). Online School and District Profiles: State Enrollment History for Public Schools.

Student Demographics by County (2016-17)

Student Demographics by Delaware County Pie Charts - New Castle, Kent and Sussex Counties - Percentage African American, Hispanic/Latino, Other Minority and White

* Other minority includes Asian, Hawaiian, American Indian, and multi-racial.

Note: The low-income measure is used for many different purposes and the state methodology changed in 2013-14 for allocation of funds, reporting, and accountability purposes. Currently, low-income status is determined by student participation in the Department of Health and Social Services assistance programs such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. Percentages may not total 100 due to rounding.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). Online School and District Profiles: State Enrollment History for Public Schools.

English Learners in Delaware (2015-16)

English learners are a diverse and growing student population, yet Delaware is one of four states that does not allocate funding to serve their unique needs.

Detail graphic of English learner population growth in Delaware for Spanish, Haitian Creole, Arabic, Chinese, Creole and other immigrants.

* English learner enrollment percentages and counts are taken from the 2015-16 English Learners Annual Report and reflect a snapshot of English Language Enrollment data from the end of the 2015-16 school year.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2016). English Language Learners; Delaware Department of Education. (2017). School Profiles; Millard, M. (2015). State funding mechanisms for English Language Learners. Education Commission of the States.

Special Education Student Enrollment by Disability Type (2016-17)

There are more than 20,000 special education students enrolled in Delaware public schools, reflecting a wide array of disabilities.

Special Education Student Enrollment by Disability Type - Pie Chart including percentage of students with learning disability, developmentally delayed, Autistic, hard of hearing or partially deaf and more

* Miscellaneous includes disabilities that make up less than 1 percent of the total special education population, such as: partially sighted, blind, traumatic brain injury, and severely mentally handicapped.

** “Learning disability” includes conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. Percentages may not equal 100 due to rounding.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). Online School and District Profiles: State Enrollment History for Public Schools.

Delaware Public Schools (2017-18)

There are more than 220 Delaware public schools, including magnet, public charter, and vocational technical (vo-tech) schools.

Table - Type of Delaware Public Schools - Public and Public Choice Schools

* Most pre-kindergarten/kindergarten students are served within elementary schools, and not included in this count.

** Public choice schools are counted above in the elementary, middle, and high school rows. Public choice schools refer to public school choice options without a designated feeder-pattern, such as: vo-tech, public charter, and magnet schools.

Note: These totals reflect the public school totals reported for the 2016-17 school year, and have been adjusted to reflect public charter schools that closed and opened in the 2017-18 school year.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). Online School and District Profiles: Delaware Public Schools by Type and County.

Number of Schools by District (2016-17)

Delaware has 19 school districts that include between one and 30 schools.

Map Displaying Number of Delaware Schools by District

Note: School counts do not include state- or district-authorized public charter schools. This count includes only schools and programs with online profiles and may not be comprehensive of all special education and alternative schools and programs. Each vo-tech district serves students within the bounds of its respective county.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). Online School and District Profiles.

Public Charter Schools (2017-18)

Delaware has 24 public charter schools.

Map Displaying Delaware Public Charter Schools

Note: Red Clay Consolidated School Districts is the authorizer of two charter schools: Charter School of Wilmington and Delaware Military Academy.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). Charter List.

Public School Choice (2016-17)

Approximately one in three Delaware public school students exercises school choice, electing to attend other schools within his or her district of residence, or choice-out of their district to another public school.

Pie Chart - Delaware Public School Choice

Note: “Not choice” refers to students that attend designated feeder-pattern school. Choice to enroll in magnet schools may be categorized as either within-district choice or cross-district choice. Percentages may not total 100 due to rounding.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). 2016-17 Charter School and Across District Choice: Statistics and Maps.

Public School Choice by District (2016-17)

Bar Chart Delaware Public School Choice by District

Note: “Not choice” refers to students that attend designated feeder-pattern school. Choice out includes total number of students not attending their home district, including those attending vo-tech or charter schools. Choice to enroll in magnet schools may be categorized as either within-district choice or cross-district choice. Only inclusive of districts with designated feeder patterns. Percentages may not total 100 due to rounding.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). 2016-17 Home District Summary.

Smarter Assessment: Proficiency (2016-17)

Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced on the Smarter Assessment

Statewide, approximately five out of 10 students are proficient or advanced in English language arts, and approximately four out of 10 students are proficient in math.

Smarter Assessment Proficiency - Bar Chart

Note: Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced calculated by dividing the total number of students scoring proficient or advanced by the total number of exams administered. Grades three through eight tested.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). 2017 Smarter Balanced Assessment Results.

Smarter Assessment: Achievement Levels (2016-17)

Percentage of students performing at different achievement levels on the Smarter Assessment

Smarter Assessment Achievement Levels - Bar Chart

Note: Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced calculated by dividing the total number of students scoring proficient or advanced by the total number of exams administered. Grades three through eight tested.

Due to rounding, percentage of students meeting standard and advanced may not match state average for overall percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced on the Smarter Assessment. Percentages may not equal 100 due to rounding.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). 2017 Smarter Balanced Assessment Results.

Smarter Assessment: English Language Arts Proficiency by District (2016-17)

Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced on the Smarter Assessment

Smarter Assessment English Language Arts Proficiency by District - Bar Chart

* Public charter average includes only state-authorized charter schools. Red Clay Consolidated School District proficiency includes three district-authorized public charter schools: Charter School of Wilmington, Delaware College Preparatory Academy, and Delaware Military Academy.

Note: Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced calculated by dividing the total number of students scoring proficient or advanced by the total number of exams administered. Grades three through eight tested. Vocational technical schools are omitted since testing is only in grades three through eight. All districts met or exceeded the 95 percent participation benchmark.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). 2017 Smarter Balanced Assessment Results.

Smarter Assessment: Mathematics Proficiency by District (2016-17)

Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced on the Smarter Assessment

Smarter Assessment Mathematics Proficiency by District Bar Chart

* Public charter average includes only state-authorized charter schools. Red Clay Consolidated School District proficiency includes three district-authorized public charter schools: Charter School of Wilmington, Delaware College Preparatory Academy, and Delaware Military Academy.

Note: Vocational technical schools are omitted since testing is only in grades three through eight. Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced calculated by dividing the total number of students scoring proficient or advanced by the total number of exams administered. Grades three through eight tested. All districts met or exceeded the 95 percent participation benchmark.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). 2017 Smarter Balanced Assessment Results.

Achievement Gaps: English Language Arts (2016-17)

Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced on the Smarter Assessment

Achievement Gaps: English Language Arts - Bar Chart

Note: Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced calculated by dividing the total number of students scoring proficient or advanced by the total number of exams administered. Grades three through eight tested.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). 2017 Smarter Balanced Assessment Results.

Achievement Gaps: Mathematics (2016-17)

Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced on the Smarter Assessment

Achievement Gaps: Mathematics - Bar Chart

Note: Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced calculated by dividing the total number of students scoring proficient or advanced by the total number of exams administered. Grades three through eight tested.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). 2017 Smarter Balanced Assessment Results.

Third Grade English Language Arts Proficiencies and Gaps (2016-17)

Percentage of third grade students scoring proficient or advanced on the Smarter Assessment

Research indicates that third grade is a critical turning point for students. A child who can read on grade level by third grade is four times more likely to graduate by age 19 than a child who does not read proficiently by that time.

Third Grade English Language Arts Proficiencies and Gaps

Note: Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced calculated by dividing the total number of students scoring proficient or advanced by the total number of exams administered. Grades three through eight tested. See the Early Learning section for more information on Delaware early learners (ages 0-5) and early learning programs.

Source:Delaware Department of Education. (2017). 2017 Smarter Balanced Assessment Results; Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2011). Double Jeopardy: How Third-Grade Reading Skills and Poverty influence High School Graduation.

High-Achieving Schools Serving Low-Income Students (2016-17)

These equity bright spots are the top elementary and middle schools out-performing the state average in English language arts (ELA) or math proficiency, and serving higher than average populations of low-income students.

High-Achieving Schools Serving Low-Income Students

Note: Schools recognized as “equity bright spots” demonstrate higher levels of English language arts or math proficiency than their peers relative to overall school low-income population, and perform above the state average. No schools serving students in grade 11 math met this criteria.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). 2017 Smarter Balanced Assessment Results.

Smarter Assessment and NAEP Assessment Scores (2015-16)

Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced

The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), considered the “Nation’s Report Card,” provides the public with representative- sample information on what large groups of students know and can do. While it draws upon similar approaches and ideas as assessments of the Common Core state standards, it is not wholly aligned to the Common Core.

The Smarter Assessment shows that no more than five out of 10 Delaware students are proficient in reading and math, while the NAEP indicates that almost four out of 10 Delaware students are proficient in reading and math.

Smarter Assessment and NAEP Assessment Scores

Note: NAEP reading and math assessments are administered to a representative sample of students every two years. The Smarter Assessment is administered annually to Delaware students in grades three through eight in English language arts and math.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2016). 2016 Smarter Balanced Assessment Results. Delaware Department of Education; Sources: National Center for Education Statistics. (2015). State Profiles.

NAEP Assessment Scores: How Delaware Compares (NAEP 2015)

Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced

The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), considered the “Nation’s Report Card,” is administered to a representative sampling of students in each state.

Delaware is right around the national average in reading, math, and science performance on the NAEP.

NAEP Assessment Scores: How Delaware Compares Bar Chart

Note: NAEP reading and math assessments are administered to a representative sample of students every two years.

Source: National Center for Education Statistics. (2015). State Profiles.

Global Competitiveness: Student Achievement (2015)

Scale Score Rank on the PISA

In 2015, 72 countries participated in the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), a “global report card” of student achievement. Because Delaware students performed on par with students nationally on the NAEP, it is likely that the U.S. results on the PISA reflect how Delaware students would perform if Delaware administered the test.

Global Competitiveness: Student Achievement Table

Source: OECD. (2016). 2015 PISA results.

SAT Reading and Writing Proficiency (2016-17)

Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced on the evidence-based reading and writing portion of the SAT by district

Delaware SAT Reading and Writing Proficiency - Bar Chart

Note: Delaware administers the SAT once in high school, typically to 11th graders. 2016-17 scores reflect grade 11 and those in grade 12 who had not previously taken the SAT in high school. Reading and writing and Math proficiency scores were developed by a collaborative of states, and approved by the Delaware State Board of Education in 2016. Delaware’s proficiency definition is aligned with the College Board’s definition of SAT College and Career Readiness. In spring 2016, the SAT replaced the Smarter Assessment as Delaware’s 11th grade assessment.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). Delaware Student Assessment Reporting and Analysis for the Public: SAT Scores.

SAT Math Proficiency (2016-17)

Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced on the math portion of the SAT

Delaware SAT Math Proficiency - Bar Chart

Note: Delaware administers the SAT once in high school, typically to 11th graders. 2016-17 scores reflect grade 11 and those in grade 12 who had not previously taken the SAT in high school. ELA and Math proficiency scores were developed by a collaborative of states, and approved by the Delaware State Board of Education in 2016. Delaware’s proficiency definition is aligned with the College Board’s definition of SAT College and Career Readiness. In spring 2016, the SAT replaced the Smarter Assessment as Delaware’s 11th grade state assessment.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). Delaware Student Assessment Reporting and Analysis for the Public: SAT Scores.

SAT Proficiency by Subgroup (2016-17)

Percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced on the SAT

Delaware SAT Proficiency by Subgroup - Bar Chart

* Less than five percent of students scored proficient in math.

Note: Delaware administers the SAT once in high school, typically to 11th graders. 2016-17 scores reflect grade 11 and those in grade 12 who had not previously taken the SAT in high school. ELA and math proficiency scores were developed by a collaborative of states, and approved by the Delaware State Board of Education in 2016. Delaware’s proficiency definition is aligned with the College Board’s definition of SAT College and Career Readiness.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). Delaware Student Assessment Reporting and Analysis for the Public: SAT Scores.

Projected Job Growth, Replacement and Wages for State Model Pathways (2016-17)

In 2017-18 students were enrolled in 14 state model pathways. Delaware Pathways is an education and workforce partnership that creates early career experiences for high school students.

Delaware Projected Job Growth, Replacement and Wages for State Model Pathways - Table

Note: Wages represent average wage by career cluster. Delaware’s average wage in 2016 was $50,930. Growth projected from 2014-2024.

Sources: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). State Model Pathways. Delaware Department of Labor. (2016). Employment Projections 2014-2024. Delaware Department of Labor and U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2017). Economic Development and Employer Planning System.

Students Earning Credit in Pathways Course (2016-17)

Percentage of students earning high school credit in a Pathways course

Approximately 4,900 students earned credit in 2016-17, compared to just 1,850 in 2015-16.

Delaware Students Earning Credit in Pathways Course - Table

Note: The percentages noted above reflect students who enrolled and earned credit in a Pathways Course. The percentage of 2016-17 students earning pathways credit in grades nine through 12 is approximately 12.3 percent (4,922 students)of the entire Delaware high school population, up from 4.6 percent (1,850 students) in 2015-16.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). Pathways Credit Earned by Subgroup.

Advanced Coursework: Advanced Placement (AP) Enrollment (Class of 2016)

Percentage of graduating class that took at least one AP course

Delaware Advanced Coursework: Advanced Placement (AP) Enrollment - Bar Chart

Note: Percentages only count student enrollment in an AP course, and do not indicate percent of students that passed an AP test to earn college credit.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). Advanced Placement Coursework.

Advanced Coursework: Dual Enrollment (Class of 2016)

Percentage of graduating class that took at least one dual enrollment course

Dual enrollment courses allow high school students to earn college credits while still in high school.

Delaware Students Advanced Coursework: Dual Enrollment - Bar Chart

Note: Students earn both high school and college credit when enrolled in a dual enrollment course. Dual enrollment courses can be offered in a high school, on a college campus, or electronically. Percentages only count student enrollment in a dual enrollment course and do not indicate percent of students that passed a dual enrollment course.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). Class of 2016 Dual Enrollment.

Graduation Rate Among Delaware Subgroups (2014-16)

Percentage of students who graduate high school in four years

Graduation Rate among Delaware Subgroups - Bar Chart

Note: Delaware uses the ESEA adjusted cohort graduation rate—a common method to calculate four-year high school graduation rates across states. Since a different methology was used, this data is not directly comparable to graduation rates prior to 2010-2011.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). Delaware Graduation Summary Statistics: 2015-16.

Graduation Rate by District (2014-16)

Percentage of students who graduate high school in four years

Delaware Graduation Rate by District Bar Chart

* Graduation rate above 95 percent.

Note: Red Clay Consolidated School District includes two district-authorized public charter schools serving high school students. Beginning in 2010-11, Delaware and other states began using the ESEA adjusted cohort graduation rate—a common method to calculate four-year high school graduation rates across states. This data is not directly comparable to graduation rates prior to 2010-11.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). 2015-2016 Delaware Graduation Summary Statistics.

Graduation Rate: How Delaware Compares (2015-16)

Four-year regulatory cohort adjusted graduation rate

Delaware ranks 25th among states for 2015-16 graduation rates.

Graduation Rate: How Delaware Compares Table

* Percentages are rounded. The rankings are based off of differences of less than one percentage point.

Note: The 2017 Delaware rate reported by the U.S. Department of Education (86 percent) differs from the rate the state calculates for accountability (85 percent) because Delaware includes students in some special schools/ programs that are excluded from the calculation used for the federal reporting.

Source: National Center for Education Statistics. (2017). Public high school four-year adjusted graduation rate for the United States, the 50 states, and the District of Columbia.

College Enrollment (Class of 2015)

Percentage of Delaware public high school graduates who seamlessly enrolled in college

Of the almost 5,000 students that enrolled in college, 70 percent chose to enroll in a Delaware public or private college directly after graduating high school.

Four out of 10 high schoolers did not enroll in college.

Delaware College Enrollment - Pie Chart

Note: This percentage includes graduates from traditional public, public charter, and vocational technical schools. Percentages may not equal 100 due to rounding.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). State of Delaware College Success Report: Class of 2015.

Delaware College Remediation by Subgroup (Class of 2015)

Percentage of Delaware public high school graduates attending Delaware colleges needing remediation

Four out of 10 Delaware public high school graduates enrolled in Delaware colleges were placed in remedial courses.

Remediation is an indicator that a student is not yet ready to take college level math courses, English courses, or both. Remedial courses may not provide credits toward a degree, but students still must pay tuition (or use financial aid) for them.

Delaware College Remediation by Subgroup - Bar Chart

Note: Remediation data includes Delaware public high school students from the Class of 2015 who enrolled in one of the following in-state colleges: University of Delaware, Delaware State University, Wilmington University, Goldey-Beacom College, Delaware Technical Community College, and Wesley College. Data is not provided for public school students who enroll in out-of-state colleges.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017) College Success Report: Class of 2015.

Postsecondary Educational Attainment: Young Adults 18-24 (2006, 2016)

Percentage of the Delaware population ages 18 to 24 by educational attainment

Over the past decade, the young adult population with postsecondary education has remained steady. However, there was a drop in attainment from 2015 to 2016, from 55 percent to 49 percent.

It is unclear what percentage of the young adult population that has attained “some college” is on track to complete an associate or bachelor’s degree or non-degree credential program.

Delaware Postsecondary Educational Attainment: Young Adults 18 to 24 - Bar Chart

Note: Postsecondary educational attainment includes some college, a two-year, four-year, or professional degree. It is unclear what percentage of the young adult population residing in Delaware attended Delaware public high schools or Delaware colleges. Percentages may not equal 100 due to rounding.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau. (2017). Educational Attainment, 2016 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates; U.S. Census Bureau. (2017). Educational Attainment, 2006 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates.

Youth Unemployment Rate (2005-2015)

Percentage of Delaware population ages 16-19 and 20-24 unemployed

The youth unemployment rate is considered an indicator of early workforce experience and professional experience.

Approximately 15 percent of Delaware teens (ages 16-19), and 11 percent of young adults (ages 20-24), are unemployed.

Delaware Youth Unemployment Rate - Line Chart

Note: Unemployment rate is defined as the number of individuals in the labor force actively seeking paid work.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2016). Geographic Profile of Employment and Unemployment.

Postsecondary Educational Attainment: Adults, Age 25 and Over (2016)

Percentage of the Delaware population ages 25 and over by educational attainment

While 57 percent of the Delaware adult population has earned some postsecondary education, only 39 percent have received a two-year, four-year, or graduate degree. It is unclear what percentage of the population is on-track to obtain a degree or has attained non-degree postsecondary education such as a credential, an apprenticeship, or a job training program.

Delaware Postsecondary Educational Attainment: Adults, Age 25 and Over - Pie Chart

Note: Postsecondary educational attainment includes some college, a two-year, four-year, or professional degree. Percentages may not equal 100 due to rounding.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau. (2017). Educational Attainment, 2016 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates.

Global Competitiveness: College Degree Attainment (2016)

Percentage of population with a postsecondary degree

The U.S. ranks among the top five countries for working-age populations (ages 25-64) who have two-year, four-year, graduate or professional degrees. However, over the past 15 years, international peers have outpaced the U.S. in terms of growth.

Delaware Global Competitiveness: College Degree Attainment - Bar Chart

Note: College degree attainment is inclusive of two-year, four-year, and advanced research degrees (tertiary degree attainment). Israel first reported college degree attainment data in 2005 and is not included in this list. Data was unavailable for the following countries in 2001: Chile, Latvia, Estonia, and Slovenia.

Source: OECD. (2017). 2016 Education at a Glance, Table A1.1.; OECD. (2002). 2002 Education at a Glance, Table A3.1a.

Earnings and Unemployment Rates by Educational Attainment (2016)

National data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics show that higher levels of educational attainment are correlated with higher earnings and lower unemployment rates.

Delaware Earnings and Unemployment Rates, by Educational Attainment

Note: Data are for persons age 25 and over. Earnings are for full-time wage and salary workers.

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey. (2017). 2016 Earnings and unemployment rates by educational attainment.

Delaware Public School Teachers (2014-15)

Approximately 9,000 teachers serve Delaware public schools.

Delaware Public School Teachers Table

* Other minority includes Asian, Hawaiian, American Indian, and multi-racial. Data reflects full-time teachers only.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 due to rounding.

Source: Department of Education. (2015). Educator Personnel Data (2014-15).

Comparing Teacher, Principal, and Student Demographics (2014-2015)

Delaware teachers and principals are less diverse than the student populations they serve.

Comparing Teacher, Principal, and Student Demographics for Delaware Bar Chart

Note: Other minority includes Asian, Hawaiian, American Indian, and multi-racial. Data reflects full-time teachers and full-time educators with a principal job code in SY 2014-15.

Source: Delaware Department of Education, Fall Enrollment Report (2013-14); Delaware Department of Education. (2015). Educator Personnel Data (2014-15).

Teachers by Years of Experience (2014-15)

Twenty-three percent of teachers have four or fewer years of experience.

Delaware Teachers by Years of Experience Pie Chart

Source: Department of Education. (2015). Educator Personnel Reports: Number of Teachers by Years of Experience 2014-15.

Teachers by College Degree (2014-15)

Sixty-one percent of teachers have earned a graduate degree.

Delaware Teachers by College Degree Pie Chart

* “Plus” numbers refer to the number of credits a teacher has received toward the next degree level.

Note: Each interval of educational attainment is tied to a pay schedule increase. Data reflects full time teachers only.

Source: Department of Education. (2015). Educator Personnel Reports: Number of Teachers by Years of Level of Education 2014-15.

Average Classroom Teacher Salary by District, County, and State (2014-15)

Average salary of full time teachers

Average Classroom Teacher Salary by Delaware District, County, and State Bar Chart

Note: Teacher compensation in Delaware is directly linked to years of experience and educational attainment. Each interval of educational attainment is tied to a pay schedule increase. District-authorized public charter schools in Red Clay Consolidated School district are counted under the public charter schools average. The state pays the majority of teacher and principal salaries based on a state salary schedule, and the remainder is paid with local dollars.

Source: Department of Education. (2015). Educator Personnel Reports: Number of Full Time Teachers 2014-15; Department of Education. (2015). Educator Personnel Reports: Average Salary of Full Time Teachers 2014-15.

Educator Summative Performance Evaluations (2014-15)

Under the Delaware Performance Appraisal System II (DPAS II), each year over half of Delaware educators undergo an annual summative performance evaluation in which they earn ratings of Highly Effective, Effective, Needs Improvement, or Ineffective.

Delaware Educator Summative Performance Evaluations Bar Chart

Note: In 2014-15, 5,150 teachers and specialists received a summative performance evaluation, in accordance with their one- or two-year evaluation cycle. This is not inclusive of educators in four charter schools that received waivers to implement an alternative teacher evaluation system. The state assessment was used for informational purposes only and did not count toward teacher evaluations.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2015).

Educator Summative Performance Evaluations by Educator Type (2014-15)

Under the Delaware Performance Appraisal System II (DPAS II), educators are evaluated based on four components of professional growth, and one component of student improvement. The student improvement component was comprised of multiple measures of student growth including assess- ments* of student learning and student improvement goals. Each educator group is assessed based on a different combination of these measures.

Delaware Educator Summative Performance Evaluations by Educator Type

* In 2014-15, the state assessment was used for informational purposes only and did not count toward teacher evaluations.

** Other teachers and specialists who do not report grades include school counselors, nurses, psychologists, and others.

Note: The number of educators statewide with summative performance evaluation ratings reported is 5,150. This is not inclusive of educators in four charter schools that received waivers to implement an alternative teacher evaluation system.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2015).

Teacher Turnover (2012-13)

The percentage of Delaware teachers no longer teaching in the same school after one year

Delaware schools serving higher percentages of low-income students see higher percentages of teachers leaving the classroom after one year.

The one-year teacher turnover rate among schools serving the most low-income students is nearly 16 percent, and about half of these teachers do not return to Delaware classrooms.

Delaware Teacher Turnover Rate Bar Chart

* Significantly different from the bottom quartile value, at the 95 percent confidence interval.

Note: Sample includes 7,524 teachers with teacher job codes in comprehensive, vocational, and magnet schools. Data are from the 2012-13 school year. Retention analysis is based on one-year retention rates. All data are from the Delaware Department of Education records.

Source: Harvard Strategic Data Project, College-Going Diagnostic (2013); Delaware Department of Education (2007-08 to 2011-12).

Delaware Public School Principals (2012-13)

More than 200 principals serve Delaware public schools.

Delaware Public School Principals

* Other minority includes Asian, Hawaiian, American Indian, and multi-racial.

Note: Data are for 207 full-time educators with a principal job code in SY 2014-15. The number of principal jobs in a district is allocated based on the student enrollment count on September 30. Total number of principals is based on allocated principal units and does not include other administrative positions that may serve a similar function, such as director. Subsequently, principal total may not match the total number of Delaware public schools. Percentages may not total 100 due to rounding.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2015).

Average School Principal Salary, by District, County, and State (2014-15)

Delaware's Average School Principal Salary, by District, County, and State

Note: Data are for full-time educators with a principal job code in SY 2014-15. Average principal salary based on salary data for designated principal units. It does not include other administrative positions that may serve a similar function, such as director or assistant principal. The state pays the majority of teacher and principal salaries based on a state salary schedule, and the remainder is paid with local dollars.

Source: Department of Education. (2015). Educator Personnel Reports: Average Salary of Full Time Teachers 2014-15.

Principal Summative Performance Evaluations (2012-13)

Under the Revised Administer Evaluation System, all of Delaware principals receive a summative performance evaluation, according to their review cycle. In 2012-13, all administrators received a summative evaluation.

Delaware Principal Summative Performance Evaluations

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2015).

Principal Turnover (2012-13)

Average one-year retention and transfer rates

Among Delaware public school principals serving in schools in 2012-13, 74 percent were in their current position in their current school during the previous year.

Principal Turnover

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2014). “The Set” Monthly Data Briefs: Who are Delaware’s Current Principals (January 2013).

Total Education Spending for the State (2015-16)

In 2015-16, total public education spending across the state of Delaware was approximately $2.13 billion. Public education accounts for about one third of the entire state budget.

For every dollar spent on education:

Total Education Spending for the State of Delaware - Pie Chart

Note: Categories are based on school district’s annual financial statement to the Delaware Department of Education. Total education spending for the state is inclusive of local, state and federal funds. It excludes bond debt and within – state tuition. “Instruction” refers to the total expenditures spent on instruction, including person- nel salaries. Figures may not be equal to 100 due to rounding.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). Report of Educational Statistics 2015-2016 Finance Information.

Per-Pupil Funding: How Delaware Compares (2015-16)

Delaware’s average per-pupil funding is higher than the national average, but falls below regional neighbors. In Delaware, 60 percent of average per-pupil funding comes from state sources.

How Delaware Compares in Per-Pupil Funding - Table and Pie Chart

Note: Approximately a third of the annual state budget in 2015 supports public education. Percentages may not equal 100 due to rounding. Delaware’s average per-pupil funding will differ from census total due to differences in calculation methodologies.

Source: United States Census. (2017). 2015 Annual Survey of School System Finances; Delaware Department of Education. (2017). Report of Educational Statistics: Financial Statistics 2015-16.

Average Revenues Per Pupil by District (2015-16)

Statewide, more than 90 percent of funding comes from local and state sources. The level of funding available through local revenue sources varies across districts moreso than state and federal sources.

Delaware's Average Revenues Per Pupil by District

Note: Per pupil information calculated by dividing total revenue by total student enrollment based on September 30 unit count (2015-16 school year). Vocational technical teachers serve and support students in grades nine through 12, engaging in vocational technical career programs. Vocational technical school districts receive some additional vo-tech related funds. Delaware average calculated by dividing total dividing all districts’ per-pupil revenue by total number of districts.

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). Report of Educational Statistics 2015-2016 Finance Information.

Per Student E-rate Disbursements (2015)

Compared to students from neighboring and similarly sized states, Delaware students benefited from the least amount of money from E-rate, just $22 per student in 2015. The federal Schools and Libraries Program, or E-rate, makes internet connectivity and other telecommunications services more affordable for schools and libraries through a reimbursement process.

Delaware has over 220 public schools, yet fewer than 60 schools (including some non-public schools) have been reimbursed for their Wi-Fi expenditures through E-rate. Neighboring states have taken advantage of this federal program to support technology infrastructure in schools.

Delaware's Per Student E-Rate Disbursements - Bar Chart

Notes: In 2014, the Federal Communications Commission adopted the E-rate Modernization Order as part of an effort to update the program and expand high-speed Wi-Fi access to schools and libraries. Nationally, more than $1 billion has been allocated to schools through E-rate. All figures rounded.

Source: Universal Service Administrative Company (2016). Funding Request Data Retrieval Tool. www.slforms.universalservice.org/DRT/Default.aspx PolicyMap; Alliance for Excellent Education and Funds for Learning. (2017). E-rate Support of Wi-Fi by state: 2015.

Early Learners in Delaware (2016)

Delaware has an estimated 66,285 early learners (from birth through age five).

Early Learners in Delaware

* Children with disabilities or developmental delays only include students ages three to five with an Individual Education Plan (IEP).

Note: The percent of children in poverty by three-year average (2014-2016). Some Delaware indicators are presented as three- or five- year averages because rates based on small numbers of events in this modestly- populated state can vary dramatically from year to year. A three- or five- year average is less susceptible to distortion. Disabilities or developmental delays are defined as children who have an Individual Education Plan.

Source: Center for Applied Demography and Survey Research, University of Delaware. (2016). Children in Poverty by age- 3 year averages; Delaware Department of Education. (2016). Child Count of Students with Disabilities.

Delaware Stars Early Learner Programs (2012-2016)

Delaware Stars for Early Success is a five-level Quality Rating and Improvement System used to assess, improve, and communicate the level of quality in early care and education and school-age settings.

Despite a modest drop from 2015 to 2016, today there are nearly 500 programs voluntarily participating in Stars.

Delaware Stars Early Learner Programs - Bar Chart

Source: Office of Early Learning. (2017). Delaware Stars participation.

Highly Rated Delaware Stars Early Learner Programs (2012-2016)

In 2016, 83 percent (a total of 412 programs) of Stars programs received a Star level rating of three or higher (out of five).

Highly Rated Delaware Stars Early Learner Programs - Bar Chart

Source: Office of Early Learning. (2017). Delaware Stars Highly Rated Stars Programs.

Delaware Stars Programs Serving Children with High Needs (2012-2016)

Percentage of children receiving Purchase of Care enrolled in highly rated Stars programs

In 2016, more than 15,000 children receiving Purchase of Care were enrolled in highly rated Stars programs.

Delaware Stars Programs Serving Children with High Needs - Bar Chart

Note: A highly rated Stars program has received a score of three or higher, out of five.

Source: Office of Early Learning. (2017). Delaware Stars programs serving children receiving Purchase of Care.

Delaware Early Learner Survey Results (2012-2016)

The Delaware Early Learner Survey is a tool through which kindergarten teachers observe all incoming kindergarten students and indicate their progress toward attaining skills that lead to success in school and life.

The data are used to customize instruction to meet students’ developmental needs and inform ongoing efforts to improve educational quality.

Approximately one third to two thirds of students are not entering kindergarten with skills needed for success.

Delaware Early Learner Survey Results - Table

Source: Delaware Department of Education. (2017). 2016 Delaware Early Learner Survey Key Findings.

Delaware Pre-K Enrollment Ranking (2016)

Delaware is behind the pack when it comes to pre-K enrollment, with only seven percent (845) of four-year-olds enrolled in state-sponsored pre-K.

Delaware Pre-K Enrollment Ranking - Table

Note: Ranking includes total state-supported pre-K enrollment for four-year-olds. Delaware’s state- funded pre-K for four-year-olds, Early Childhood Assistance Program (ECAP), was established in 1994. ECAP is implemented in both district and community settings.

Source: National Institute for Early Education Research. (2016). The State of Pre-School 2016: Delaware State Profile.

Early Learner Workforce Educational Attainment (2017)

Only four out of 10 early learning professionals in Delaware has a bachelor’s degree or higher. Research indicates an early childhood teacher with a bachelor’s degree in early childhood development or specialized training is better able to support children’s healthy development and school readiness.

Early Learner Workforce Educational Attainment - Bar Chart

Note: The Institute of Medicine recommends that teachers of children birth to age eight hold a minimum bachelor’s degree in early childhood development.

Source: University of Delaware. (2017). Center for Applied Demography and Survey Research. Bueno, M., Darling- Hammond, L., Gonzales, D. (2010). A Matter of Degrees: Preparing Teachers for the Pre-K Class- room. Pew Center on the States; Institute of Medicine. (2015). Transforming the Workforce for Children Birth Through Age 8: A Unifying Foundation.

Early Learner Workforce Hourly Wages (2017)

Average hourly wage of an early childhood worker

Across the state, 75 percent of early learning professionals are paid an hourly wage most without benefits. The remaining 25 percent are paid an annual salary.

In Delaware, the median annual earnings of an early childhood worker is $21,910. At this salary, an early childhood worker with a family of three would qualify for public benefits such as Food Stamps (maximum median salary of $26,208).

Early Learner Workforce Hourly Wages - Bar Chart

Note: Inclusive of teachers and administrators. On average, administrators have higher incomes and are more likely to report receiving health and dental insurance.

Source: University of Delaware. (2017). Center for Applied Demography and Survey Research.

The Economic Impact of Early Learning

Three rigorous long-term studies have found a range of $4 - $9 in returns for every dollar invested in high-quality early learning programs for low-income children.

Program participants followed into adulthood benefited from increased earnings while the public saw returns in the form of reduced special education, welfare and crime costs, and increased tax revenues from program participants later in life.

The Economic Impact of Early Learning Delaware

* The estimated return on investment of the Perry Preschool program ranges from $6.60-$9.20 per dollar invested.

Source: Harvard Center on the Developing Child. (2013). Five Numbers to Remember about Early Childhood Development.

The Impact of Social and Emotional Learning

Social and emotional learning (SEL) is the process of acquiring and applying the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to understand and manage emotions, set and achieve positive goals, feel and show empathy, establish and maintain positive relationships, and make responsible decisions.

In the following pages, we offer a wide range of measures that focus on the whole student, including physical health, student perceptions of safety and engagement, and childhood trauma. Research indicates that a focus on SEL can have long-term academic, social, physical, and mental health benefits:

Graphic with Details on Social and Emotional Learning

Sources: CASEL. (2017). SEL Impact.; Belfield et. al., “The Economic Value of Social Emotional Learning.” (2015); Durlak et. al “Impact Enhancing Students’ Social and Emotional Learning: A Meta-Analysis School- Based Universal Interventions.” (2011); Jones et Al “Early Social-Emotional Functioning and Public Health Relationship Between Kindergarten Social Competence and Future Wellness.”(2015).

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)

ACEs are traumatic events that occur during childhood and often lead to toxic stress, that is, prolonged activation of an individual’s stress response system. Children with more ACEs are more likely to also show negative long-term health and social outcomes.

Negative outcomes associated with ACEs include an increased risk for substance abuse (drug and alcohol use), chronic medical conditions (diabetes, heart disease), and mental health issues (suicide attempts and depression). ACEs can also negatively impact student achievement, leading to outcomes such as grade repetition, lower academic scores, disengagement in school, and attendance problems.

ACEs-related trauma has a significant impact on all students, but particularly on underserved children. ACEs can be prevented through protective factors. Protective factors are the conditions and attributes that can help build resilience and buffer toxic stress. These in- clude self-regulation, a strong parent-child relationship, and a safe and caring community.

Infographic of the Three Types of ACEs Include - Abuse, Neglect, Household Dysfunction

Figure above adapted from ; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. (2017). The Truth About ACEs.

Source: Children’s Health Fund. (2017). Health Barriers to Learning: The Prevalence and Educational Consequences in Disadvantaged Children. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Children’s Bureau. (2014). Issue Brief: Protective Factors Approaches in Child Welfare.

ACEs in Delaware (2016)

Percentage of Delaware children (age 0-17) who have experienced two or more Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)

Nearly one in four Delaware children have experienced two or more ACEs.

Percentage of Delaware children who have experienced two or more Adverse Childhood Experiences - Bar Chart

Notes: Many ACEs studies are retrospective, asking adults to recall childhood experiences and then examining the prevalence of various chronic conditions and economic outcomes.

Source: Data Resource Center for Child and Adolescent Health. (2016). Adverse Childhood Experiences Among Wilmington City and Delaware’s Children. Data Resource Center, supported by Cooperative Agreement 1-U59- MC06801-01 from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Health Resources & Services Administration, Maternal & Child Health Bureau.

School Climate: Student Safety (2016-17)

Percentage of students who report feeling safe at school

Students who don’t feel safe at school due to experiences such as victimization, bullying, or fights are more likely to experience loneliness, depression, and/or academic challenges. These may lead to truancy, poor academic performance, or violent behavior. Creating a safe school environment can foster resiliences and better engagement amongst students.

Percentage of Students Who Report Feeling Safe at School - Bar Chart

Note: Based on student surveys responses. Students were asked to indicate level of agreement or disagreement to the statement, “Students feel safe.” Figures above includes the percent of students who marked “agreed” or “agreed a lot.” More than 32,000 students across 146 schools participated in the School Climate Survey for 2016-17 school year.

Source: Delaware Positive Behavior Support Project. (2017). School Climate Survey; National Center for Education Statistics: Institute of Education Sciences. (2016). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2016.

School Climate and Student Engagement (2016-2017)

Students who are more engaged in school are more likely to have stronger academic and social outcomes. High school students are less likely to report feeling behaviorally, cognitively, or emotionally engaged in school than their younger peers.

School Climate and Student Engagement Behaviorial, Cognitive, Emotional - Table

Notes: Based on student surveys responses. Students were asked to indicate level of agreement or disagreement to the above statements. Responses indicate that student agreed or agreed a lot to the statement. More than 32,000 students across 146 schools, from third grade to 12th grade participated in the School Climate Survey for 2016-17 school year.

Source: Delaware Positive Behavior Support Project. (2017). School Climate Survey.

School Discipline: Student Suspension (2013-14)

While students with disabilities make up only 15 percent of student enrollment, they comprise nearly one-third of all students receiving more than one out-of-school suspension. A similar disparity can be seen among African-American students. A student experiencing toxic stress is at a higher risk of suspension. An out-of-school suspension means students are missing out on valuable school time.

School Discipline: Student Suspension - Bar Chart

* Less than one percent student enrollment.

Note: An out-of-school suspension is an instance in which a child is temporarily removed from his/her regular school for at least half a day (but less than the remainder of the school year) for disciplinary purposes to another setting (e.g., home, behavior center). Out-of-school suspensions include removals in which no educational services are provided, and removals in which educational services are provided (e.g., school-provided at home instruction or tutoring).

Source: United States Department of Education. (2017). Civil rights data collection: 2013-14 discipline estimations by disability status.

Home: Medical Home

Percent of children (ages 0-17) with an adequate medical home

Comprehensive, family-centered health care is linked to better performance in school and less risky behaviors. Only 38 percent of Hispanic/Latino children and less than half of African American children have access to an adequate medical home. An adequate medical home consists of comprehensive primary care that facilitates partnerships between patients, clinicians, medical staff, and families.

Percentage of Children with an Adequate Medical Home - Bar Chart

Source: Child and Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative. (2007). National Survey of Children’s Health Medical Home State Profile. Data Resource Center for Child and Adolescent Health website. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017). Health and Academics.

 

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